Historic ANSS Composite Catalog Search Help
The ANSS (Advanced National Seismic System) Composite Catalog is a world-wide earthquake catalog created by merging the master earthquake catalogs from contributing ANSS institutions and then removing duplicate solutions for the same event. The ANSS Composite Earthquake Catalog grew out of the efforts of the CNSS (Council of the National Seismic System). It was previously called the CNSS Earthquake Catalog. The ANSS Composite Catalog consists of earthquake hypocenters, orgin times, and magnitudes. Beginning January 1, 2013, ComCat is the catalog of record, superseding the ANSS catalog. ComCat, a newer and different composite catalog, contains earthquake source parameters (e.g. hypocenters, magnitudes, phase picks and amplitudes) and other products (e.g. moment tensor solutions, macroseismic information, tectonic summaries, maps) produced by contributing seismic networks. However, historic regional seismic network catalogs have not yet been fully loaded into the ANSS Comprehensive Catalog.
Input Dataset and Output Format
The ANSS Composite Catalog only contains information about earthquake locations and magnitude and does not contain phase readings, amplitude observations, or mechanisms.
The earliest entries in the ANSS Composite Catalog are in 1898. The catalog was supserseded by Comcat at the end of 2012.
There are currently 3 output formats available from the catalog search.
- Readable catalog format. This format is an easy-to-read table in a uniform format containing the basic event information, such as time, epicenter, depth, magnitude, # of stations, azimuthal gap, etc. This is the most readable output, and should be used for all preliminary searches.
- Readable 80-character format. This format is also easy-to-read, but is more abbreviated in the information provided.
- Raw catalog format. This will return the raw catalog entries for the selected entries from the specified input dataset.
Documentation on the output formats is available:
Readable catalog format
Raw catalog format
The source codes for the networks and agencies that contribute earthquake information are available as well.
Select earthquake parameters
The earthquake catalogs may be filtered using several different parameters including time, location (latitude and longitude), magnitude, and depth. Additional criteria are available.
All time in the earthquake catalog is referenced to UTC. Date and time parameters can be specified in one of several formats:
- yyyy = year (1898-present)
- doy = day-of-year (1-366) >li>mm = month (1-12)
- dd = day-of-month(1-31)
- HH = hour (0-23)
- MM = minute (0-59)
- SS = second (0-59.9999)
The date must be fully specified. The time is optional, and defaults to midnight if not specified. There cannot be any blanks between the date and time, or within the date,time string. The year MUST completely specified, eg 1999, not 99.
- Latitude and Longitude parameters
Latitude and Longitude values can be specified in one of two formats:
- decimal degrees, such as 39.50 for 39 and one-half degrees.
- degrees and minutes, such as 39:30 for 39 degrees and 30 minutes.
Latitude values can range from -90 to 90, and longitude values can range from -180 to 180. Please remember that:
- Longitude for California is WEST, and therefore should be specified as NEGATIVE (eg -121.5 for 121.5 degrees West).
- Since longitude is signed, a search between longitudes of -117 and -121 should be specified with a Min longitude = -121 and a Max longitude = -117.
No search area (neither a simple lat/lon box nor a polygonal region may
cross the -180/180 degree longitude. If you wish to search a region that
crosses this boundary, you must perform 2 distinct searches. For example,
if you wish to search the 15 degree region between 175 degrees longitude and
-170 degrees longitude, you must perform the search as 2 distinct request
- First search boundary:
- Minimum Longitude: 170
- Maximum Longitude: 180
- Second search boundary:
- Minimum Longitude: -180
- Maximum Longitude: -170
- First search boundary:
The USGS GNIS Mapping Query Form can be used to find the latitude and longitude of a specific town or geographic feature.
- Additional search parameters
Additional search parameters for selecting earthquakes may be specified by entering the appropriate keyword=value strings in the "Additional Search Parameters" box. Most search parameters are min/max parameters which allow you to provide minimum and/or maximum values for specific fields in the event catalogs. However, you may also select earthquakes within a specified annulus (or ring) around a location with the delta parameter, or specify a polygonal region to confine your earthquake search to a more complex region than a simple latitude/longitude box.
Search parameters that have min and max values can be specified by the strings
where the strings min and max preceed the keyword. If you only specify one end of the range (either the min or the max value), the other end of the range will be determined appropriately. For example, to specify the that you want events where the closest station is between 1 and 20 km, you would specify
- minclose=1 maxclose=20
and to specify you want events where the closest station is <= 25 km from the epicenter, you would specify
There should be NO blanks in the parameter=value string. Multiple parameters may be entered on the same line if they are separated by one or more blanks.
The following keywords can be used in min and max values parameter strings:
- sta - number of stations used for solution (range: 0 to ...).
- close - distance of closest station to epicenter (range: 0 to ...).
- rms - root-mean-squared residual of solution (range: 0. to 1.).
- gap - azimuthal gap (range: 0 to 360).
You may search for all earthquakes that are within an annulus (ie between a minimum and maximum distance) from a location with the delta parameter.
specifies a circle (annulus with inner diameter of 0) of 50 km around the location (38,5,-118.5). The program will select only earthquakes that are located within this circle.
specifies an annulus (ring) of 20 to 50 km around
the location (38,5,-118.5). The program will select only earthquakes
that are located within this annulus.
WARNING: The delta function will break if the circle centered at lat,lon with diameter of maxdist kilometers contains either of the earth's poles.
You may specify a polygonal search area with the polygon parameter.
defines a polygon that encloses that Bay Area Peninsula.
The polygon must NOT cross the -180/180 degree longitude boundary, since the definition of the polygonal region becomes ambiguous.
Select output mechanism
By default, the output from the search will be returned to your browser in another document. If you think that the search may generate more data than your brower can safely display, you can specify that the output should be sent to a file, available to download via http, at the NCEDC. The file will be automatically deleted within several days.
It is very easy to generate a lot of unwanted output by inadventently mis-typing any of the search parameters. For example, entering a minimum magnitude of 0.5 instead of 5.0 can signicantly alter the number of matches from a catalog search, and can easily generate megabytes of output from a phase retrieval request.
In order to protect yourself (and the NCEDC) from runaway searches, you should limit the number of lines that the search will generate before it is aborted. If you set this limit to a reasonable value on your desired request, it can help to prevent runaway searches that can result from mis-typed values.
You can disable the output line limit by deleting the value in the line limit field, or by entering a value of 0. Please use this setting with extreme caution.
Catalog Search FAQ
- How can I get a list of earthquakes near my house (business, or other point of interest)?
The first step is to determine the latitude and longitude of your point of interest. Google Maps is a great resource for this. Once you have the coordinates, decide whether the northern California or the global catalog is more appropriate for your search. Once you have selected the catalog, use the delta feature of "additional search parameters" in the form to specify your point of interest.
For example, the coordinates of UC Berkeley in Berkeley, CA, are 37.8735, -122.2609. To obtain a list of earthquakes within 2 km of these coordinates, enter
This will return all events within a 2 km radius circle of the specified coordinates. When this search is run on the NCSN catalog for the year 2001 for all magnitudes, it returns 1 earthquake:
2001/01/30 10:35:34.36 37.8785 -122.2473 9.29 1.05 coda
If your search does not return any earthquakes, consider enlarging the radius of your circle (remember, the circle radius is specified in kilometers, not miles!). The catalog search requires that West longitudes are specified with negative numbers.
- I can't find an earthquake that I know occurred at a particular time. Why not?
In order to prevent confusion with the myriad of time zones around the world, seismologists use a single standard of time for reporting on earthquakes. Universal Time (UTC) is the agreed standard for earthquake reporting and is also known at Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or Zulu time (Z). Universal Time is based on a 24-hour clock. Although useful - and necessary - to coordinate seismological observations around the world, the use of UTC can be confusing. For northern California, the classic example is the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which occurred on Oct 17 17:04 local time and Oct 18 00:00 UTC.
- Can I make a map of the earthquakes from the search?
Unfortunately, we do not currently support a tool for generating maps of the earthquakes produced from the catalog searchs.
- Can I search across the -180/180 meridian?
The default "box" search over latitude and longitude does not support searchs across the -180/180 meridian. Neither does the polygon search option. This is due to the complications of determining whether an earthquake is inside or outside the polygon for searchs spanning the meridian. To do this type of search, you must break your request into two separate searchs.